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北鼎独家丨2023北外英语语言文学专业真题解析

发表时间:2023-05-08 16:20

  与去年相似,北外2023英语语言文学方向硕士基础和写作考题还是非常注重考查同学们对英美文学、西方文化和历史的了解和主观输出的能力,但值得注意的是疫情相关的实事关怀也进入了考题的视野,大家备考时也应注重全方面积累以及多多深入思考,千万不要“两耳不闻窗外事,一心只读考研书”。

  大量阅读、独立思考、人文关怀本就是英语学术型准研究生/研究生必备的基本素质,不宜再过度功利地区分“课内书/课外书”。

  一、基础英语

  真题回忆、答题思路解析

  基础英语第一题仍然是改错题,内容是梵高的《睡莲》及印象派相关内容,接下来是两篇阅读选择题,1篇阅读主观题,有3道5分的简答题和一个15分字数要求至少120词的小作文。第一篇阅读是柏林的住房问题,第二篇阅读聚焦疫情与教育的话题,谈及疫情在美国对穷苦阶层的孩子们冲击最大,对他们的阅读能力和数学能力的培养产生了巨大影响。阅读简答题聚焦在“colorful words”,第一题问到什么是“colorful words”,大家需要根据文章提供的描述用自己的语言总结,此处提供TESOL官方协会对其定义:

  Colorful words are common words that sound just a bit funnier that other words. Words such as babble, grunt, cringe, fidget, lurk, and scorch.

  也就是在基本意义之外拥有更多情感色彩、更生动或有时更有趣的词汇表达。第二题问到colorful words是否适用于所有场合,第三题问什么是colorless words并需列举,第四题则是小作文,需总结作者对colored words的看法,至少120词。注意此处只需要总结作者观点,切忌主观代入。

  汉译英取自国家主席习近平二〇二二年的新年贺词:

  “千头万绪的事,说到底是千家万户的事。我调研了一些地方,看了听了不少情况,很有启发和收获。每到群众家中,常会问一问,还有什么困难,父老乡亲的话我都记在心里。民之所忧,我必念之;民之所盼,我必行之。我也是从农村出来的,对贫困有着切身感受。经过一代代接续努力,以前贫困的人们,现在也能吃饱肚子、穿暖衣裳,有学上、有房住、有医保。全面小康、摆脱贫困是我们党给人民的交代,也是对世界的贡献。让大家过上更好生活,我们不能满足于眼前的成绩,还有很长的路要走。”

  中国外文局官方提供的关键语汇翻译如下:

  千头万绪的事,说到底是千家万户的事。

  The myriad of things we attend to all boil down to matters concerning every household.

  民之所忧,我必念之;民之所盼,我必行之。

  The concerns of the people are what I always care about, and the aspirations of the people are what I always strive for.

  整段参考译文:

  The myriad of things we attend to all boil down to matters concerning every household. Through my field trips to different places, I have seen and heard a lot of things which I find very inspiring and rewarding. Every time I visit people in their homes, I would ask if they have any more difficulties, and I would remember everything my folks have to share with me. The concerns of the people are what I always care about, and the aspirations of the people are what I always strive for. Having worked in the countryside myself, I know precisely what poverty feels like. Thanks to the sustained efforts of the Chinese people from generation to generation, those who once lived in poverty no longer have to worry about food or clothing, or access to education, housing and medical insurance. Realization of a moderately prosperous society in all respects and elimination of extreme poverty is what the CPC has delivered to our people, and it is also a contribution to the world. To ensure that everyone leads a better life, we must never rest on what we have achieved, and there is still a long way to go.

  英译汉偏向人文哲思,涉及人生意义与对人生意义的思考,而毋问前程的当下的付出和心血都自有其意义,读懂原文的抽象思辨及其语气是第一步,译文的汉语质量也有一定的发挥空间,大家备考时也不要忽视汉语水平的积累和提高。

  二、写作能力

  真题回忆、答题思路解析

  今年写作第一题的题型从无选项填空改回了summary,需要将一篇500词左右的文章浓缩到200词内,强调了不允许照抄原文,这也是我们平时讲评、练习的重点,即需要锻炼出快速用自己的话paraphrase与总结的能力。

  第二题诗歌赏析还是控制在150词内,一段写understanding,一段写comment,这次考察到的是美国20世纪最受欢迎的现代诗人之一Robert Frost 的短诗Nothing Gold Can Stay,全诗歌只有8行,但言浅意深地抒发了美好的事物易逝难留的喟叹,这部分较去年考察的难度稍有下降。

  原文:

  Nothing Gold Can Stay

  Robert Frost - 1874-1963

  Nature’s first green is gold,

  Her hardest hue to hold.

  Her early leaf’s a flower;

  But only so an hour.

  Then leaf subsides to leaf.

  So Eden sank to grief,

  So dawn goes down to day.

  Nothing gold can stay.

  解析参考:

  来源:Nothing Gold Can Stay by Robert Frost: Critical Analysis of Poetry - Free Essay Example - Edubirdie

  Critical appreciation of poem:

  ‘Nothing Gold Can Stay’ is about the fleeting nature of beauty, youth and life itself. According to this poem, there is nothing of ‘gold’ that is essentially devoid of something pure, precious or beautiful; it can exist forever. This poem focuses first on changes in the natural world.

  This poem was written by Robert Frost, one of America’s greatest poets. ‘Nothing to Stay’ is a famous short narrative poem about nature and its ever-changing changes. This poem was published in Robert Frost’s ‘New Hampshire Collection’ in 1923. This poem also shows that change is essential, and all changes mean degradation. ‘Nothing Gold Can Stay’ means death: This simple poem shows the idea of change and decadence. The poet uses a philosophical turn to express the cycle of nature to express his views on the changing nature of beautiful objects. He believes that just like flowers can live for an hour, the most beautiful and happiest moments in life will gradually disappear. Therefore, these happy moments must be recognized and appreciated before they lose their charm and glory. The theme of ‘Nothing Gold Can Stay’: Transition, and Nature are the themes of this poem. The poet focuses on losing the good things that will eventually disappear. He uses ‘seasons and nature’ to create a tangible image in the reader’s mind. The reader can imagine how the golden cocoon turns into green leaves, which means that hours of happiness escape into the hands of the ever-changing loop of time. Therefore, before they disappear over time, the beauty around them must be cherished.

  Analysis of Literary Techniques in ‘Nothing Gold Can Stay’:

  Literary means is a tool that allows writers to express their thoughts, emotions and feelings, and use persuasive language to bring clear and rich content to their texts. Robert Frost also used some literary techniques in this poem.

  Consonants: Consonants are the repetition of consonants in the same line, like the sound of n in ‘So dawn comes to day’.

  Alliteration: Alliteration is the repetition of sounds in the same line, such as the sound ofdin ‘Then dawn comes to day’.

  Images: images are used to make readers perceive things that involve their five senses. For example, ‘Nature’s first green is gold’, ‘Then the leaves fade into leaves’ and ‘Then the dawn descends into day’.

  Anthropomorphism: Anthropomorphism consists of giving inanimate objects with human qualities. Frost personifies nature throughout the poem. Nature is called ‘she’, which indicates that nature is a person who can change with the seasons.

  Allusions: Allusions are beliefs and indirect references to people, places, things or ideas that have a historical, cultural, political or literary meaning. For example, ‘Then the Garden of Eden fell to grief.’ This is an allusion to the Garden of Eden, indicating that the earth is also short-lived, but also beautiful.

  Paradox: Frost used this device in the first line, and it said: ‘Nature’s first green is gold.’ The second example is in the third line, and it is expressed as ‘Its early leaves are a flower’. Frost uses these paradoxes in this poem to illustrate the idea of how good things come to an end.

  Metaphor: It is a rhetorical technique that makes implicit comparisons between different objects or people. The poet uses nature as a metaphor to show that nothing good and attractive can last forever.

  Symbolism: Symbolism is the use of symbols that symbolize thought and quality, giving them a different symbolic meaning from the literal meaning. For example, ‘gold’ symbolizes happiness and all the good things in life, and ‘green’ symbolizes nature.

  Analysis of the poetic devices:

  Couplet: There are two structural verses in the couplet, generally in the same case and connected by rhyme. There are four couplets.

  Rhyme: The rhyme followed in the whole poem is AABB. 3. Ending rhyme: Ending rhyme is used to make verses pleasant to the ear. For example, ‘day stay’.

  作文第三题议论文要求500词内,“Selfishness is not living as one wishes to live, it is asking others to live as one wishes to live.”引语出自王尔德的The Soul of Man and Prison Writings,该段完整摘录如下:

  “Selfishness is not living as one wishes to live, it is asking others to live as one wishes to live. And unselfishness is letting other people's lives alone, not interfering with them. Selfishness always aims at creating around it an absolute uniformity of type. Unselfishness recognizes infinite variety of type as a delightful thing, accepts it, acquiesces in it, enjoys it. It is not selfish to think for oneself. A man who does not think for himself does not think at all. It is grossly selfish to require of one's neighbor that he should think in the same way, and hold the same opinions. Why should he? If he can think, he will probably think differently. If he cannot think, it is monstrous to require thought of any kind from him. A red rose is not selfish because it wants to be a red rose. It would be horribly selfish if it wanted all the other flowers in the garden to be both red and roses.”

  大家可以根据自己的生活经验、日常思考展开论述,力求思路清晰、结构完整、逻辑通顺、表达正确,也可结合各国实事、社会思潮,能自圆其说即可。

  三、北外英语语言文学专业复试考察要点

  英语口语、临场发挥、辩证思考

  北外英语语言文学专业考研复试主要分为两部分(以英国研究方向为例):

  1、自我介绍。学生首先进行1-2分钟的自我介绍。内容不限,尽量贴近专业相关的内容(对英国的了解,相关论文发表,和英国有关课程等等)并涉及未来研究方向。

  2、考官开始进行提问。前部分主要是客观简答题,如什么是tabloid;后半部分会涉及到主观想法,有时会根据个人回答进行追踪提问。复试内容涵盖英国社会、文化、历史、政治等各方面,主要考察英国政治、社会、教育等方面。

  能力考察:英语口语能力、临场发挥能力、辩证思考能力、英国情况了解度。

  北外英语语言文学专业英国研究方向复试备考参考书目及资料:

  肖慧云《当代英国概况》、朱永涛《英国国家社会与文化入门》、余志远《英语国家概况》。

  2024考研同学已开启全面备战,有辅导需求的同学可添加下文老师微信咨询:武老师:15510667620,孙老师:13520395867。


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